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Afghanistan : Current Issues and U. S. Policy

By Katzman, Kenneth

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Book Id: WPLBN0000173096
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.4 MB
Reproduction Date: 2008
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Title: Afghanistan : Current Issues and U. S. Policy  
Author: Katzman, Kenneth
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Legislation., Government Printing Office (U.S.)
Collections: Government Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Printing Office

Excerpt
Summary: Afghanistan is stabilizing after more than 22 years of warfare, including a U.S.- led war that brought the current government to power. Before the U.S. military campaign against the Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The Taliban ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 until its collapse in December 2001 at the hands of the U.S. and Afghan opposition military campaign.

Table of Contents
Contents Background to Recent Developments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 The Rise of The Taliban . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mullah Muhammad Umar/Taliban Leaders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Coalescence of the Northern Alliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Operation Enduring Freedom and Other U.S. Military Activities . . . . . 5 Provincial Reconstruction Teams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 War-Related Casualties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Political Settlement Efforts and the Post-Taliban Government . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Pre-September 11 U.N. Mediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 The “Six Plus Two” and Geneva Contact Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 King Zahir Shah and the Loya Jirga Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Post-September 11 Efforts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Bonn Conference/Interim Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 The Loya Jirga . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 International Security Force (ISAF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Afghan National Army . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 New Governmental Authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Regional Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Central Asian States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Saudi Arabia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 U.S. Policy Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Taliban Harboring of Al Qaeda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Human Rights/Treatment of Women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Destruction of Buddha Statues/Hindu Badges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Counternarcotics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Retrieval of U.S. Stingers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Land Mine Eradication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Assistance and Reconstruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 U.S. Assistance Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Post Taliban . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 FY2003 Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 FY2004 Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Additional Forms of U.S. Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 International Reconstruction Pledges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Promoting Long-Term Economic Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

 
 



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