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Politics


Politics as a category is generally applied to the art or science of running governmental or state affairs, including behavior within civil governments, but also applies to institutions, fields, and special interest groups such as the corporate, academic, and religious segments of society. It consists of social relations involving authority or power and to the methods and tactics used to formulate and apply policy. Modern political discourse focuses on democracy and the relationship between people and politics. It is thought of as the way we choose government officials and make decisions about public policy.

 
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Un Planeta con muchas posibilidades

By: José Luis Ezcurra

En la primera parte de este trabajo que titulo “Situación General por Sectores”, intento hacer una descripción pormenorizada y sistemática del estado actual de nuestro planeta, que aunque pueda resultar una lectura bastante árida, es necesaria por la gran cantidad de datos utilizados para mostrar el gran desequilibrio existente y cuantificar problemas y soluciones. En la segunda parte del trabajo, se enfocan la Moneda Única y la Unión Política como únicas alternativas ...

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Conservadorismo é amor

By: Marcelo Hipólito

Quem vive no Ocidente se encontra sob a influência do pensamento judaico-cristão, aquele que acolhe com ternura e caridade; afinal, “não é bom que o homem esteja só” (Gênesis 2:18). Nesta verdade fundamental reside o Nós conservador e cristão, legado dos nossos ancestrais, um sentimento de integração e pertencimento a algo bom e justo, maior do que nós mesmos, fundado no amor a Deus e ao próximo. Essa é a essência da atitude conservadora existente no Brasil, o dever de c...

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Monarquia e conservadorismo : Excepcionalismo brasileiro: Excepcio...

By: Marcelo Hipólito

Esta é uma obra político-filosófica que resgata os princípios fundadores da nação brasileira, denuncia a ação revolucionária do século 19 – fatal ao Império do Brasil – até a tragédia dos dias atuais, inova na defesa do excepcionalismo brasileiro, aborda as virtudes singulares do conservadorismo e da monarquia, dispondo sobre a urgência da restauração imperial e oferecendo soluções práticas à concretização desse projeto desafiador.

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Les réalités de la réalité - quatrième partie : la réalité derrièr...

By: Fritz Dufour

Ce livre est organisé en sept chapitres. Le premier chapitre examine les origines et les causes de la guerre. Le chapitre soutient que la guerre est une conséquence de la façon dont nous, en tant qu'espèce, avons évolué. La guerre a des causes endogènes et exogènes. Alors que le premier dépend de notre biologie et de notre psychologie, le second concerne principalement les relations internationales. Le chapitre deux plaide en faveur de la nature paradoxale de la guerre. ...

La paix entre les nations est-elle une utopie? Certains diraient oui, d'autres diraient non. En fait, cela dépend de la façon dont on définit la paix. Est-ce l'absence de conflit international ou de guerre? Est-ce l'absence de violence ou la peur de la violence aux niveaux national et international? Mieux encore, la violence n'est-elle pas ancrée dans notre ADN, en tant qu'espèce? Ne sommes-nous pas voués à nous battre pour des ressources, à mettre constamment notre prop...

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The Realities of Reality - Part IV: The Reality Behind Achieving W...

By: Fritz Dufour

This book is organized in seven chapters. Chapter one looks at the origins and the causes of war. The chapter argues that war is a consequence of how we, as a species, have evolved. War has both endogenous and exogenous causes. While the former depends on our biology and psychology, the latter has to do primarily with international relations. Chapter two makes the case for the paradoxical nature of war. While war takes lives, it is legitimate under certain circumstances....

Is peace among nations a utopia? Some would say yes, others would say no. In fact, it depends on how one defines peace. Is it the absence of international conflict or war? Is it the absence of violence or fear of violence both at the national and the international levels? Better yet, isn’t violence embedded in our DNA, as a species? Aren’t we doomed to compete for resources, to constantly put our own survival instinct to work? There is a lot of moving parts in the concep...

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Le Collège Électoral Américain Est-il Une Fiction Polie Qui Devrai...

By: Fritz Dufour, Linguiste, MBA, DESS

La polarisation politique se produit lorsque les opinions ou les attentes d'une personne ou d'un groupe de personnes reflètent celles d'un parti politique (aux États-Unis: démocrate ou républicain) ou d'une idéologie (libérale ou conservatrice). La polarisation politique n'est pas quelque chose à craindre. En fait, c'est un test pour la démocratie et pour le progrès. L'exemple le plus remarquable de polarisation politique des temps modernes fut les États-Généraux frança...

Le collège électoral américain a commencé à semer le doute chez les électeurs américains seulement 20 ans après la ratification du 12ème amendement de la Constitution américaine en 1804, qui prévoit l'élection du président et du vice-président par le collège électoral. En l'absence de vote majoritaire pour une personne, la Chambre des représentants (un vote par état) choisit le président, et le Sénat le vice-président. Aujourd'hui, 213 ans après que le premier signe anno...

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Is The US Electoral College A Polite Fiction That Should Be Abolis...

By: Fritz Dufour, Linguist, MBA, DESS

Political polarization occurs when the views or expectations of one person or a group of people reflect those of a political party (in the US: Democrat or Republican) or an ideology (liberal or conservative). Political polarization isn’t something to fear. In fact, it’s a test for democracy and for progress. The most notable example of modern times political polarization was the French Estate General during which those who were for the revolution seated at the right wing...

The US electoral college started to cast doubt in American voters only 20 years after the 12th amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified in 1804, which provides for election of the president and vice president by the electoral college. Should there be no majority vote for one person, the House of Representatives (one vote per state) chooses the president and the Senate the vice president. Today, 213 years after the first harbinger sign surfaced in 1824 with the ele...

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Anti-National Humanist

By: Ankur Mutreja

In this essay, the author is trying to answer the question: is there a political possibility of existence of a humanist as an anti-national humanist? He wonders if it is possible for humanists like doctors to not become the externalities of nationalism labeling the blood saffron, green, red, black and white (even pacifists die in wars between nations).

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Well-Being and Economic Growth : A Case Study of Costa Rican Devel...

By: Ph.D. Danika Tynes

Costa Rica is a Central American state that, while underdeveloped, touts a culture of “Pura Vida,” which literally translates as ‘Pure Life.’ Unsurprisingly, Costa Rica is ranked as the “happiest” country in the world according to both the World Database of Happiness (Veenhoven, 2013) and the Happy Planet Index (Abdallah et al., 2012). Herein, the measure of happiness will be reviewed against the key MDG indicators and subsequently be discussed in terms of how findings a...

Costa Rica is a Central American state that, while underdeveloped, touts a culture of “Pura Vida,” which literally translates as ‘Pure Life.’ Unsurprisingly, Costa Rica is ranked as the “happiest” country in the world according to both the World Database of Happiness (Veenhoven, 2013) and the Happy Planet Index (Abdallah et al., 2012). Herein, the measure of happiness will be reviewed against the key MDG indicators and subsequently be discussed in terms of how findings a...

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Democracy and How to Solve It

By: Predrag Stojadinovic; Tijana Mandaric, Illustrator

An obvious problem with democracy is the belief that the majority opinion is somehow the best one. Many examples exist in human history, where the majority clearly held a false belief or made a very bad decision through voting. From the banal example of the earth being flat, to the election of completely incapable or just plain crazy leaders. Even Socrates, more than 400 years before the Common Era, made a valid point is that voting in an election is a skill, not a rando...

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Le salafisme face au fascisme : définitions, idéologie, mécanismes...

By: Jean-Jacques MONNE

« Le totalitarisme et le fascisme sont-ils en train de se développer ? » C'est la grande question à laquelle chaque citoyen est censé pouvoir répondre à tout moment. Mais de quels outils dispose-t-il pour faire le diagnostic de cette maladie politique ? Quelle est la définition du fascisme et comment entreprendre cette réflexion au niveau individuel ? Cette ouvrage synthétise les principaux travaux sur le sujet et cherche à déterminer, sans a priori, si le salafisme...

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Anarchist Apartheid : The Weltanschauung of Indian Unipluralism

By: Balasundaram Subramanian, Ph.D.

“The genius of Indian social life lies in living together separately.” Humayun Kabir (at the inaugural of IIT Madras, 1959). This essay seeks to highlight segregation as the keynote of traditional Indian life and caste as the key to the evolution of segregation. Caste in India could, over the centuries, unfold a truly pluralist polity, though each caste in itself was quite monolithic. The coexistence without coalescence of numerous castes could facilitate a polycentr...

“Contraries of belief and diversities of religion…are in fact part of the scheme of Providence; for as a painter gives beauty to a picture by a variety of colours, or as a gardener embellishes his garden with flowers of every hue, so God has appointed to every tribe its own faith, and every sect its own religion that man might glorify him in diverse modes, all having the same end and being equally acceptable in his spirit.” [Statement made by the learned Brahmin pundits...

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Tabloid Indonesia Barokah

By: Moch Shaka Dzulkarnaen; Bahrul Ulum, Co-Author

Tabloid indoneisa barokah merupakan tabloid dua bulanan yang bertujuan sebagai media dakwah dan pendidikan Islam yang menyasar kalangan jama'ah masjid, lingkungan pesantren dan lingkungan pendidikan berbasis Islam lainnya. Tabloid “Indonesia Barokah” memiliki tagline “Membumikan Islam Rahmatan Lil 'Alamin” yang bermakna memberikan tambahan pengetahuan kepada masyarakat bahwa Islam adalah agama yang “Rahmatan Lil 'Alamin”, penuh kasih sayang dan kelembutan s...

Dalam edisi perdana kali ini, kami mengangkat isu Reuni 212 yang diselenggarakan pada tanggal 2 Desember 2018 lalu. Reuni akbar tersebut disoal apakah gelaran tersebut merupakan pembelaan terhadap kepentingan umat atau hanya sebatas kepentingan politik semata. Pada reuni tersebut hadir dan memberikan orasi beberapa pimpinan partai di hadapan para peserta reuni. Selain itu, kita mengangkat isu hoax yang terus menghantui masyarakat Indonesia. Pa d a Pemili h...

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The Shrouded Satanism in Feudal Languages : Tribulations and Intra...

By: Ved from Victoria Institutions

This book I wrote, I presume, in 2013. It is a huge book of epic parameters. The basic underlying theme is the essential difference, planar-languages has with feudal-languages. Feudal languages are quite powerful, in that, the moment they are spoken, the social structure and human relationships change powerfully into a custom-design hierarchy, depending on the language. When planar-languages are spoken, the social system and human relationship shift towa...

Essence of improving Now this brings us to the essential question of: what is improving others? The easiest ideas would be giving them food, giving them education, giving them dress and such other things. Well, food is an essential requirement. Since the word education is a wide one, for the time being one can say, giving information. Dress is also a part of social living. Well, these are only the minimal things, which only make a person barely sustain himself or hers...

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Waging War without Congress First Declaring It

By: Matt R. Erickson

Waging War without Congress First Declaring It examines American actions involving Korea and Vietnam, which were the first major wars not formally declared as such by Congress. Not all is at it first appears, and Americans interested in understanding how fundamental American principles are summarily ignored by federal officials and members of Congress need to examine critically such actions.

By the express command of U.N. Participation Act of 1945—enacted by the Congress of the United States of America and signed by American President Harry S. Truman—all pertinent parties understood the American law that the U.N. special agreements “shall be subject to the approval of Congress by appropriate Act or joint resolution.” Legislative Acts and joint resolutions both require approval of both Houses of Congress—the Senate and the House of Representatives—and the si...

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Century Sentence 2017 version : A diary written to God, accusing a...

By: xu xue chun; xu xue chun

2、Pacific Book Review http://www.pacificbookreview.com/century-sentence/ Century Sentence: A Diary Written to God Accusing Against All of the World is a sprawling and provocative book by Xu Xue Chun. The book offers an all encompassing range of opinions on everything from China’s political system to European immigration. This book is politically incorrect and proud of it. Century Sentence is a book that willed finitely start passionate discussions among readers. C...

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Rationalis : An Examination of (Ir)Rationality, Legality, and Iden...

By: Ariel Ricker

Since the collapse of the Nazi regime, there has existed the need to understand the motivations of Nazi genocidaires who undertook widespread massacre in the name of the Reich State. Popular films produced in English, academic theses published in Hebrew, and online philosophy and history forums composed of little known languages all indicate a global commitment to understanding the particular “why” and “how” of genocide. This thesis examines the legal and social vehicles...

"The charged environment of altered and un-made familiar or known gesture420 unfolded as part of the ongoing dehumanizing project wrecked upon the viator: to unmake his world was to unmake his originality and previously unquestioned right to exist. This externalization of the viator’s figurative disintegration was represented through the state’s de-objectification and subsequent re-signification of certain objects previously taken for granted. Two examples of this dual s...

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Submission by PVCHR regarding India for the Universal Periodic Rev...

By: Peoples' Vigilance Committee on Human Rights (PVCHR)

Submission from PVCHR to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights regarding India for Universal Periodic Review 13th session

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Margins to Centre Stage : Empowering Dalits in India

By: Archana Kaushik; Shruti Nagvanshi

In India, life of millions of Dalits, even today, is characterised by long, consistent struggle from cradle to grave. Their life is defined by caste-discrimination, exploitation, abuse, and denial of basic right to life with resources for survival – food, shelter, clothing, livelihood, and education. Sufferings and pains associated with vicious cycle of poverty continue for generations together. Margins to Centre Stage: Empowering Dalits in India chronicles the proces...

"To all those who have struggled for human rights, justice and equality . . . and dreamt of a loving, caring and egalitarian society . . ."

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Melania Trump's Housewife Guide to a Successful Divorce

By: John Saltz O'Huigin

If you need to get a divorce this is the way to get what you want.

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